tumblr visit counter
1938 FIFA World Cup 1938 World Cup
  THEFIFAWORLDCUPS    
 
1938 WORLD CUP - FRANCE  
  1938 WORLD CUP FRANCE  
                                           
   
                                           
                                         
                           
  We play football. We love football.          
  We breathe football. We live football.        
                         
                                         
                                         
  1938 WORLD CUP  
   
The 1938 FIFA World Cup took place in France from June 4 to June 19, 1938. 15 teams of 4 confederations participated in the final tournament: 12 teams from UEFA (Europe), 1 from CONMEBOL (South America), 1 from CONCACAF (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) and 1 from AFC (Asia). Four teams made their first World Cup presentation (Cuba, Dutch East Indies, Norway and Poland). Austria, already classified, was barred from competing for its annexation by Germany and was replaced by Sweden. Asia, on the other hand, was represented for the first time by Indonesia, playing as Dutch East Indies. This is the smallest ever number of teams from outside the host continent to compete at a FIFA World Cup. Brazil, Cuba and Dutch East Indies were the only countries outside the continent to participate in this World Cup.

There was 57 countries affiliated to FIFA and most of them were from Europe. This is one of the reasons why FIFA decided to give the World Cup to France. This was the era of Benito Mussolini in Italy and Adolf Hitler in Germany. Most American teams declined to participate as this would be the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe. They said that there was a previous agreement, which was not respected to host alternate between the two continents. Brazil and Cuba were the only representatives of America.

The Italian style prevailed in this World Cup and they deservedly won the second World Cup title in a row.

 
     
 
 
 
Italy national team

Dutch East indies national team

 
     
   
Quick facts  
   
  Teams
  15
  When
  4 June 1938 to 19 June 1938 Allen ball
  Matches
  18
  Venues
  10
  Attendance
  375,700 (average 20,872)
  Goals Scored
  84 (4.66 per match)
 
   
ITALY 4-2 HUNGARY
  Champion
  Italy
 Golden shoe
1
7
  Runner-up
  Hungary
2
5
  Third place
  Brazil
5
  Fourth Place
  Sweden
5
 
   
     
  The world in 1938  
   
The German Nazism and Italian Fascism pursue territorial expansionist agendas (1935).
Iceland becomes the first country to legalize abortion (1935).
The longest bridge in the world is opened over the Zambezi River (1935).
Persia is renamed Iran (1935).
The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced (1935).
The Argentinean Carlos Gardel, the Father of Tango, dies in a plane crash in Colombia (1935).
The Ethiopian Empire (Abyssinia) is invaded by Italy (1935-1936).
The Dictator Francisco Franco comes to the power in Spain (1936).
The Spanish Civil War begins (1936-1939).
China declares war on Japan (1936).
The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge is opened (1936).
Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, holds the IV Winter Olympic games (1936).
The Summer Olympic Games take place in Berlin (1936).
Pablo Picasso paints Guernica (1937).
Amelia Earhart is lost somewhere in the Pacific on her flight around the world (1937).
German troops enter Austria and Czechoslovakia (1937).
Spanish Civil War: More than 35,000 Republican supporters are massacred in Piedrafita de Babia, near León (1937).
J.R.R. Tolkien publishes The Hobbit (1937).
The dictator Anastasio Somoza becomes President of Nicaragua (1937).
Ernest Hemingway publishesTo Have and Have Not (1937).
Germany annexes Austria (1938).
The 1938 Yellow River flood  was a flood created by the Nationalist Government in central China during the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War in an attempt to halt the rapid advance of Japanese forces. People affected: 5 million, the number of dead: 500,000, and the number of homeless: 500,000 (1938).
The second and larges Asian War between Republic of China and the Empire of Japan begins (1937-1945).
The President of Mexico, Lázaro Cárdenas, nationalizes the oil (1938).
Superman, an American cultural idol, a comic book superhero, appears in DC Comics publications (1938).
 
     
   
  Antecedents  
   
The 1938 FIFA World Cup took place before war broke out the following year. Two years after Hitler had used the Berlin Olympics to glorify Nazism, France was chosen to stage the 1938 World Cup at the congress held in Berlin, Germany, on August 13, 1936. Argentina and Germany had also submitted the bid to host the championship, but the France bid was chosen in preference to those from Argentina and Germany. France in the first round of voting had 19 votes, Argentina 4 votes, and Germany 0 votes. It should be noted that there was 57 countries affiliated to FIFA in those years and most of them were from Europe.

FIFA’s decision to hold the World Cup in France was highly controversial and led to the chagrin of many South American countries that were obviously not happy with the decision and so stayed at home. The American countries believed that the venue would alternate between the two continents, as has been previously agreed, and this was not respected. This would be the second tournament in a row to be played in Europe that was on the brink of war. Spain, on the other hand, declined to participate because it was in the midst of civil war.

This was the first time that the host country, France, and former champion, Italy, qualified automatically and escaped the dangerous process of qualification. This rule lasted until 2006 when this was abolished.

 
   
      
Qualification  
   
  Participating countries:
34
  Withdrew:
8
  Qualified automatically:
5
  Teams that played at least one qualifying match:
21
  Matches:
22
  Total goals:
96 (4.36 per match)
 
     
 

A total of 69 teams signed up to participate in the 1938 FIFA World Cup. However, the wars that ravaged the world at that time prevented the participation of many countries. Spain was in the midst of civil war, China and Japan were in full Sino-Japanese war, Austria was excluded by the annexation by Germany, and Argentina, Uruguay, Mexico, Colombia, Costa Rica, and El Salvador refused to take part by the abrupt change of venue.

Finally, a total of 34 countries entered the 1938 World Cup qualification round and competing for a total of 14 spots in the final tournament. France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically and occupied the other two spots. The 14 available spots were distributed in continental zones as shown below:

Europe (UEFA): 21 teams (including Palestine/Eretz Israel) competed for 11 direct places. Italy, as defending champion, and France, as the host, qualified automatically.
Americas (CONMEBOL and CONCACAF): 9 teams competed for 2 spots. Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dutch Guiana, El Salvador, Mexico and United States withdrew, so Brazil and Cuba qualified automatically.
Asia (AFC): 2 teams competed for 1 spot. Japan withdrew, so Dutch East Indies qualified automatically.
 

Originally 16 countries qualified and were going to take part of the World Cup. Austria, already classified, was barred from competing for its annexation by Germany. England was invited in its place but declined. Therefore, only 15 teams participated in the final stage in France.

It is worth noting that the Jews, with the cooperation and support of the British side, were able to represent “Palestine” on the international level in the World Cup in both 1934 and 1938. The Palestine Football Association says that was a “Jewish” team which represented Palestine, and Arab Palestine had no relation to this team.

 
The teams that qualified for the World Cup were:
 
Flag
Team
Final Appearance
Streak
Last Appearance
 Belgium
3
3
 Brazil
3
3
 Cuba 1 1
 Czechoslovakia
2
2
 Dutch East Indies 1 1
 France
3
3
 Germany
2
2
 Hungary
2
2
 Italy
2
2
 Netherlands
2
2
 Norway 1 1
 Poland 1 1
 Romania
3
3
 Sweden
2
2
 Switzerland
2
2
 
External link:
RSSSF 1938 FIFA World Cup Qualification
 
   
 

AFC

CONCACAF   CONMEBOL   UEFA
 
     
      
  Format and seedings  
   
The competition followed a knockout format similar to the one celebrated four years before in Italy. The idea was simple: if you lose, you go home. Teams play for 90 minutes, if there is a tie after ninety minutes of regulation, thirty minutes of extra time are added. If the score remains tied after the additional time, the match would be replayed at a date established by the organizing committee.

Germany, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Cuba and Brazil were seeded for draw taking place in Paris, on March 5, 1938.

 
     
   
  Squads  
   
For a complete list of all squads that appeared in the 1938 FIFA World Cup, please, visit: 1938 World Cup squads

 
     
   
  Venues  
   
Ten cities hosted the tournament. The Host Cities for the 1938 FIFA World Cup were Paris, Marseilles, Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, Le Havre, Reims, Lille, and Antibes.

The only football game scheduled for Lyon was cancelled. This was due to Austria's withdrawal.
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
   
   
   
 
       
  Match officials  
   
25 match officials from 10 countries and just one confederation were the responsible for enforcing the laws of the game during the course of the 18 World Cup matches.
 
   
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Match Official
R
AR
AP
1
  Hans Wüthrich
2
2
1
0
  Georges Capdeville
2
1
1
0
  Ivan Eklind
2
1
2
0
  Jan Langenus
2
0
3
1
  Lucien Leclerq 
2
0
1
0
6
  Alois Beranek
1
2
2
0
  Augustin Krist
1
2
1
0
  Giuseppe Scarpi
1
2
2
0
  Louis Baert
1
1
2
0
  Alfred Birlem
1
1
2
0
  Roger Conrié
1
0
1
0
  Pal von Hertzka
1
0
1
3
  Rinaldo Barlassina
1
0
2
0
 
   
   
        
   
       
       
  TOURNAMENT SUMMARY  
   
The competition followed a knockout format similar to the one celebrated four years before in Italy. The first round had some facts worth noting. Five of the seven first round matches required extra time to break the tie, and two games still had to go to a replay. Italy were lucky to survive the opening round, when they won Norway 2-1 only after extra-time. The tie of the round was contested by Brazil and Poland in a wet and muddy field in Strasbourg on June 5, 1938. The match ended tied 4-4 after regular time, and then Brazil that impressed from the start beat Poland in a 6-5 thriller after extra time. On the Brazilian side, Leônidas scored a hat-trick; and on the Polish side Wilimowski became the first player ever to score four goals in a single World Cup match, but still ending on the losing side. In one replay, Cuba shocked Romania and advanced to the next round. It would be the first World Cup of Cuba, and also the last one. In the other replay, Switzerland ousted Germany 4-2 and Germans (who had enlisted several Austrian players) had to go home early. This was the only time in World Cup history in which Germany failed to advance to the final eight. Sweden advanced directly to the quarter-finals as a result of Austria's withdrawal.

 
   
 
Piola scores Italy's third goal against France  
Switzerland national team
 
   
In the quarter-finals, Sweden that advanced directly to this round as a result of Austria’s  withdrawal, beat Cuba by a devastating 8-0. Italy defeated the hosts France, and Hungary beat Switzerland 2-0. For the first time, the host nation would not win. In the last game, Brazil and Czechoslovakia tied after extra time and had to go to a replay. The Brazilians then knocked out Czechoslovakia in a quarter-final replay and ended the hopes of the Czecoslovak.  The Brazilians played a wonderful football and Leônidas was emerging as the man of the tournament. This was the last ever match to be replayed in a World Cup, with all winners of replay matches in 1938 having been eliminated in the next round.

In the semi-finals, Hungary trashed Sweden 5-1, while Italy defeated Brazil 2-1. Incredibly, the Brazilian coach Adhemar Pimenta made one of the craziest decisions in World Cup history when they decided to rest their star Leônidas confident that they would qualify for the final.

On the same day and at the same time of the final, the third place match saw the victory of Brazil over Sweden 4-2. Leônidas, the “blak diamond” scored two goals.

The 1938 FIFA World Cup Final was contested at the Stade Olympique de Colombes in Paris, before a crowd of 45,000 followers, by Italy, the defending champions, led by Giuseppe Meazza, and Hungary, one of the most successful national teams of those times. Before the finals, Benito Mussolini sent a telegram to the team, saying "Vincere o morire!", which translated meant "Win or die!". Italy, however, showed again the attacking firepower. Gino Colaussi and Silvio Piola scored two each and that was enough to defeat Hungary 4-2. The performance of Italy was impressive in the tournament, won all four of their games.  Italy crowned World Cup champions, and became the first team to successfully defend the title.

 
   
 
Dutch national team
Germany national team
 
     
     
Round of 16  
       
  Report    
  a.e.t.    
Date: 4 June 1938
Switzerland
1-1
Germany    
Stadium: Parc des Princes J. Gauchel 29'
Venue: Paris    
Attendance: 27,152    
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)  
  Report  
Date: 5 June 1938
Hungary
6-0
Dutch East Indies  
Stadium: Vélodrome Municipal  
Venue: Reims  
Attendance: 9,000
G. Sárosi 28', 89'
 
Referee: Roger Conrié (France)  
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 5 June 1938
Cuba
3-3
Romania  
Stadium: Chapou
H. Socorro 44', 103'
S. Bindea 35'
Venue: Toulouse
J. Magrina 69'
I. Baratky 88'
Attendance: 7,000   S. Dobay 105'
Referee: Giuseppe Scarpi (Italy)  
  Report  
Date: 5 June 1938
France
3-1
Belgium  
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes H. Isemborghs 38'
Venue: Paris
J. Nicolas 16', 69'
 
Attendance: 30,454    
Referee: Hans Wüthrich (Switzerland)    
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 5 June 1938
Italy
2-1
Norway  
Stadium: Vélodrome A. Brustad 83'
Venue: Marseille    
Attendance: 19,000      
Referee: Alois Beranek (Austria)  
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 5 June 1938
Brazil
6-5
Poland  
Stadium: Stade de la Meinau
Leônidas 18', 93', 104'
F. Scherfke 23' (pen.)
Venue: Strasbourg
Romeu 25'
E. Wilimowski 53', 59', 89', 118'
Attendance: 13,452
J. Perácio 44', 71'
 
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 5 June 1938
Czechoslovakia
3-0
Netherlands  
Stadium: Cavée Verte    
Venue: Le Havre  
Attendance: 11,000  
Referee: Lucien Leclerq (France)      
Replays
  Report  
Date: 9 June 1938
Switzerland
4-2
Germany  
Stadium: Parc des Princes W. Hahnemann 8'
Venue: Paris E. Lörtscher 22' (o.g.)
Attendance: 20,025
A. Abegglen 75', 78'
 
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)  
  Report  
Date: 9 June 1938
Cuba
2-1
Romania  
Stadium: Chapou S. Dobay 35'
Venue: Toulouse  
Attendance: 8,000    
Referee: Alfred Birlem (Germany)  
   
Quarter-finals
   
  Report  
Date: 12 June 1938
Hungary
2-0
Switzerland  
Stadium: Victor Boucquey    
Venue: Lille  
Attendance: 35,000    
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)  
  Report  
Date: 12 June 1938
Sweden
8-0
Cuba  
Stadium: Stade du Fort Carré
H. Andersson 9', 81', 89'
 
Venue: Antibes
G. Wetterström 22', 37', 44'
 
Attendance: 7,000  
Referee: Augustin Krist (Czechoslovakia)  
  Report  
Date: 12 June 1938
Italy
3-1
France  
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes O. Heisserer 10'
Venue: Paris
S. Piola 51', 72'
 
Attendance: 58,455    
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)    
  Report  
  a.e.t.  
Date: 12 June 1938
Brazil
1-1
Czechoslovakia  
Stadium: Parc Lescure O. Nejedlý 65' (pen.)
Venue: Bordeaux    
Attendance: 22,021    
Referee: Pal von Hertzka (Hungary)  
Replay
  Report  
Date: 14 June 1938
Brazil
2-1
Czechoslovakia  
Stadium: Parc Lescure V. Kopecký 25'
Venue: Bordeaux  
Attendance: 18,141    
Referee: George Capdeville (France)  
     
   
Semi-finals
   
  Report  
Date: 16 June 1938
Hungary
5-1
Sweden  
Stadium: Parc des Princes
S. Jacobsson 19' (o.g.)
A. Nyberg 1'
Venue: Paris  
Attendance: 20,000  
Referee: Lucien Leclerq (France)  
 
 
  Report    
Date: 16 June 1938
Italy
2-1
Brazil  
Stadium: Vélodrome Romeu 87'
Venue: Marseille
G. Meazza 60' (pen.)
 
Attendance: 33,000    
Referee: Hans Wüthrich (Switzerland)  
     
   
Third-place match
   
  Report  
Date: 19 June 1938
Brazil
4-2
Sweden  
Stadium: Parc Lescure
Romeu 44'
S. Jonasson 28'
Venue: Bordeaux
Leônidas 63', 74'
A. Nyberg 38'
Attendance: 12,000  
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)      
       
     
Final  
   
  Report  
Stadium: Olympique de Colombes
Italy
4-2
Hungary  
Venue: Paris
G. Colaussi 6', 35'
  P. Titkos 8'
Attendance: 45,000
S. Piola 16', 82'
G. Sárosi 70'
Referee: George Capdeville (France)    
     
   
 
Italian captain Giuseppe Meazza shakes hands with Hungarian captain Gyorgy Sarosi at the start of the final
The italian team - Pozzo is lifting the cup for the second tournament in succession
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Standings
     
     
 
Pos
Flag
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Ap.
Cs.
1
 Italy
4
4
0
0
11
5
6
8
2
2
2
 Hungary
4
3
0
1
15
5
10
6
2
2
3
 Brazil
5
3
1 1
14
11
3
7
3
3
4
 Sweden
3
1
0
2
11
9
2
2
2
2
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5
 Czechoslovakia
3
1 1 1
5
3
2
3
2
2
6
 Switzerland
3
1 1 1
5
5
0
3
2
2
7
 Cuba
3
1 1 1
5
12
-7
3
1 1
8
 France
2
1
0
1
4
4
0
2
3
3
Eliminated in the round of 16
9
 Romania
2
0
1 1
4
5
-1
1
3
3
10
 Germany
2
0
1 1
3
5
-2
1
2
2
11
 Poland
1
0
0
1
5
6
-1
0
1
1
12
 Norway
1
0
0
1 1
2
-1
0
1
1
13
 Belgium
1
0
0
1 1
3
-2
0
3
3
14
 Netherlands
1
0
0
1
0
3
-3
0
2
2
15
 Dutch East Indies
1
0
0
1
0
6
-6
0
1
1
 
   
   
   
   
  STATISTICS
     
     
Top scorers
 
 

In total, 84 goals were scored by 42 players, with two of them credited as own goals.

Leônidas only scored seven goals at the 1938 FIFA World Cup, rather than the eight that were previously recorded. In November 2006, FIFA confirmed that in the quarter-final against Czechoslovakia, he had scored once, not twice as originally recorded.

   
 
   
   
 
Brazil (1913-2004)
Hungary (1912-1993)
Hungary (1915-1999)
   
   
        
Overall top goalscorers
   
   
Pos
Flag
Player
G
30
34
38
1
 Guillermo Stábile
8
8
 
 Leônidas
8
1
7
3
 Oldřich Nejedlý
7
 
5
2
4
 György Sárosi
6
1
5
5
 Gyula Zsengellér
5
5
 Silvio Piola
5
5
 Pedro Cea
5
5
 
8
 Angelo Schiavio
4
 
4
 Gino Colaussi
4
4
 Edmund Conen
4
 
4
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
     
Number of players and goals till 1938
   
 

The number of players from each country who scored at least one goal is shown in the following table.

   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
NP
NDP
30
34
38
Ch
124
115
37
45
42
1
  Hungary
10
8
4
6
+7
2
  Germany
9
9
6
3
0
9
9
7
2
-1
  Italy
9
8
5
4
+3
5
  Czechoslovakia
8
7
4
4
+3
  France
8
7
3
2
3
0
  Sweden
8
7
3
5
+7
8
  Brazil
7
6
2
1
4
+4
  Romania
7
6
3
1
3
0
10
  Austria
6
6
6
-8
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Scoring frequency by team
   
Absolute frequency is a statistical term describing the number of times a particular piece of data, or value, appears during a trial or set of trials. Essentially, it is the number of times a particular thing happens. For example, in this World Cup two players from Hungary scored five goals, one scored two goals,and three more scored 1 goal. The sum of the absolute frequency represents the number of players that scored at least one goal (6 players in the case of Hungary: 2 + 1 + 3 = 6). The sum of the product between the number of times per value results in the number of goals for a team (15 goals in the case of Hungary: 2*5 + 1*2 + 3*1 = 15)
 
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
NG
NP
7
5
4
3
2
1
 
84
42
1
3
2
7
4
25
1
  Hungary
15
6
2
1
3
2
  Brazil
14
4
1
2
1
3
  Italy
11
4
1
1
2
  Sweden
11
5
3
2
5
  Cuba
5
3
1
2
  Czechoslovakia
5
4
1
3
  Poland
5
2
1
1
  Switzerland
5
3
1
2
9
  France
4
3
1
2
  Romania
4
3
1
2
11
  Germany
3
3
3
12
  Belgium
1
1
1
  Norway
1
1
1
 
   
   
   
Scoring frequency by team till 1938
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
TOT
NP
NDP
8
7
5
4
3
2
1
Ch
 
224
124
115
1
1
5
5
13
26
73
1
  Italy
23
9
8
1
2
1
2
3
+2
2
  Argentina
20
9
9
1
1
2
5
-1
  Brazil
20
7
6
1
3
1
2
+7
  Hungary
20
10
8
2
2
6
+9
5
  Sweden
15
8
7
       
3
1
4
+9
  Uruguay
15
6
6
1
1
3
1
-3
7
  Czechoslovakia
14
8
7
1
2
5
-2
  Germany
14
9
9
1
2
6
-3
9
  France
10
8
7
2
6
0
  Suiza
10
6
5
2
4
+2
 
   
   
Interesting facts
   
 
Milestone goals. The goal number 200 in the World Cups history was scored by Harry Andersson from Sweden in Antibes on June 12, 1938. Andersson scored the 8-0. Sweden defeated Cuba 8-0.
This was the first and only time that Cuba and Dutch East Indies (Indonesia) qualified for the World Cup finals.
The first Asian country to appear in finals was the Dutch East Indies –Indonesia- in 1938.
Cuba only qualified because Mexico withdrew from the tournament.
Cuba was the first country outside Europe and South America to qualify for the next stage in a World Cup. In the second round, Cuba lost to Sweden by a convincing 8 to 0.
This was the first and only time –until now- that Germany was eliminated in the first round and failed to finish in the first eight.  
Ernest Wilimowski from Poland was the first player to score four goals in the World Cup history. His case is unique because although it was the first player to score four goals, his team ended up losing in extra time against Brazil 6 to 5. Therefore, Wilimowski also holding the record for more goals scored in a lost match. On the other hand, the match between Brazil and Poland, in the rain in Strasbourg, was one of the most exciting in the history of the FIFA World Cups.
Vittorio Pozzo (1886-1968) from Italy holding the record for been the only coach to ever win two FIFA World Cups: Italy 1934 and France 1938.
Ernest Lörtscher from Switzerland became the first player to be officially credited with an own goal in the game against Germany.
The match between Brazil and Czechoslovakia in Bordeaux had three red cards and two fractured, both of Czechoslovakia. The goalkeeper František Plánička suffered a fractured arm and striker Oldřich Nejedlý a broken leg.
Five of the seven first round matches required extra time to break the deadlock and two games still went to a replay (Switzerland 4-2 Germany, Cuba 2-1 Romania). The third replay took place in quarter-finals, when Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia by 2 to 1. This was the last match to be replayed in a World Cup history.
Giuseppe Meazza, who had been world champion with Italy in 1934, was the key to Italy got the second world championship.
Italy had the second best overall performance in one tournament: 100%. Won all four games. 
Italy became the first team in get two World Cups in a row. 
Hat-tricks: Leônidas (Brazil), Harry Andersson (Sweden), Gustav Wetterström (Sweden)
Poker: Ernest Wilimowski (Poland)
The youngest player was Bertus de Harder from Netherlands: 18y (14 January 1920). The youngest goalkeeper was Róbert Sadowski from Romania: 23y (16 August 1914). The youngest scorer was Alfred Bickel from Switzerland: 20y (12 May 1918). The youngest champion was Ugo Locatelli from Italy: 22y (5 February 1916). The youngest captain was Kurt Svanström from Sweden: 23y (24 March 1915).
The oldest player was Willem Anderiesen from Netherlands: 34y (27 November 1903). The oldest goalkeeper was František Plánička from Czechoslovakia: 34y (2 June 1904).  The oldest scorer was Tore Keller from Sweden: 33y (04 January 1905). The oldest champion was Eraldo Monzeglio from Italy: 32y (5 May 1906). The oldest captain was Puck van Heel from Netherlands: 34y (21 January 1904).
 
 
 
 
Benito Mussolini

The real Allen ball in front of Giuseppe Meazza

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Clubs and players
   
The most important teams that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.
   
   
 
   
   
        
Clubs and players up to 1938
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
        
Leagues and players
   
 
The leagues that contributed players to the national teams are shown in the table below.
   
   
Pos
Flag
League
NP
1
  France
25
2
  Belgium
23
3
  Brazil
22
  Czechoslovakia
22
  Italy
22
  Poland
22
  Sweden
22
8
  Hungary 21
  Netherlands 21
  Norway
21
See the full table
 
   
   
   
Leagues and players up to 1938
   
   
Pos
Flag
League
NP
30 34 38
Ch
1
 France
67
19 23 25
0
2
 Belgium
61
  22 23 +2
 Brazil
61
24
15 22 +1
4
 Romania
51
15 15 21 +2
5
 Italy
44
22 22
+4
6
 Hungary
43
22 21
+3
 Netherlands
43
22 21
+3
 Switzerland
43
23
20
+2
9
 Argentina
40
22
18
-7
10
 Czechoslovakia
39
17
22
+8
 
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
H-index, i-10 index and ne
   
 
Pos
Flag
League
H-index
I-10 index
NT
Ch
1
 Brazil 5
2
15
0
2
 France 5 1 19
0
3
 Belgium 5 0
18
0
4
 Hungary 4 3
6
+6
5
 Romania 4 1
18
+3
6
 Italy 4 1
12
+7
7
 Sweden 4 0
14
+10
8
 Austria 4 0 5
-4
9
 Switzerland 3 1
13
+9
10
 Uruguay 3 1
8
-5
 
 
 
 
 
 
        
Head coaches
   
Vittorio Pozzo was the head coach of the Italy national football team that leading the nation to victory in the third World Cup. Pozzo is regarded as one of the greatest head coaches of all time, and is the only head coach to guide his national team to two FIFA World Cup champions.
   
 
Pos
Flag
Tm
Head coach
Pld
W
AP
Perf.
1
  Vittorio Pozzo
4
4
2
100%
2
  Károly Dietz
4
3
1
75%
  Alfréd Schaffer
4
3
1
75%
4
  Adhemar Pimenta
5
3
1
60%
5
 
2
1
1
50%
3
1
2
33%
3
1
1
33%
 
3
1
1
33%
3
1
1
33%
10
1
0
2
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
1
0
1
0%
2
0
1
0%
 
2
0
1
0%

 

 
 
 
Vittorio Pozzo, Italy (1886-1968)
 
 
 
 
 
Italy head coach Vittorio Pozzo holds aloft the Jules Rimet trophy
 
 
 
     
 
Károly Dietz (Hungary, 1885-1969) and Alfréd Schaffer (Slovakia, 1893 - Germany, 1945) were the head coaches of Hungary in the 1938 FIFA World Cup.
 
   
   
   
  Head coaches and statistics through 1938
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Tm
Head coach
Pld
W
AP
Perf.
WC1
WC2
1
  Vittorio Pozzo
9
8
2
89%
34
38
2
  Alberto Suppici
4
4
1
100%
30
  Francisco Olazar
5
4
1
80%
30
  Juan José Tramutola
5
4
1
80%
30
5
  Karel Petrů
4
3
1
75%
34
  Otto Nerz
4
3
1
75%
34
  Károly Dietz
4
3
1
75%
38
  Alfréd Schaffer
4
3
1
75%
38
  Adhemar Pimenta
5
3
1
60%
38
10
  György Orth 
3
2
1
67%
30
   
   
   
Head coaches' home country & statistics
   
   
Pos
Flag
Home country
Pld
W
Nhc
Perf.
1
  Hungary
11
7
3
64%
2
  Italy
4
4
1
100%
3
  Brazil
5
3
1
60%
4
  France
2
1
1
50%
  Austria
3
1
1
33%
  Cuba
3
1
1
33%
  Czechoslovakia
3
1
1
33%
8
  England
2
0
2
0%
  Netherlands
1
0
1
0%
  Norway
1
0
1
0%
  Poland
1
0
1
0%
  Germany
2
0
1
0%
  Romania
2
0
1
0%
 
   
   
   
Head coaches' home country & statistics through 1938
   
   
Pos
Flag
Home country
Pld
W
Nhc
Perf.
1
  Hungary
18
11
6
61%
2
13
9
4
69%
3
  Italy
9
8
2
89%
4
4
4
1
100%
  Czechoslovakia
7
4
2
57%
  Brazil
8
4
3
50%
7
  Germany
6
3
2
50%
  Austria
8
3
3
37%
9
  Yugoslavia
3
2
1
67%
4
2
2
50%
 
 
   
   
   
 
        
 
Match officials, countries and confederations
 
 
25 match officials from 10 countries and just one confederation were the responsible for enforcing the laws of the game during the course of the 18 World Cup matches.
 
 
The order of the table is based on the matches as referee.
   
   
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Home country
TOT
R
AR
1
  France
25
5
20
2
  Belgium
4
3
1
3
  Italy
4
2
2
  Switzerland
4
2
2
  Sweden
3
2
1
6
  Germany
4
1
3
  Austria
3
1
2
  Czechoslovakia
3
1
2
  Hungary
1
1
0
10
  Netherlands
3
0
3
 
   
 
Pos
Logo
Confederation
R
Per.
AR
Per.
1
  UEFA
18
100%
36
100%
 
 
 
Match officials, countries and confederations through 1938
 
 
Pos
Flag
Cf
Home country
TOT
R
AR
Ch
1
  Belgium
20
10
10
0
2
  Italy
21
8
13
0
3
  France
31
6
25
+6
4
16
5
11
-1
  Sweden
6
5
1
0
6
  Switzerland
7
4
3
0
7
  Austria
7
3
4
-1
  Brazil
5
3
2
-3
9
  Germany
6
2
4
0
3
2
1
-3
 
     
     
 
Pos
Logo
Confederation
R
Per.
AR
Per.
 
53
106
1
  UEFA
41
77%
80
75%
2
  CONMEBOL
12
23%
23
22%
3
0
0%
2
2%
4
  CAF
0
0%
1
1%
 
   
 
 
Match officials through 1938
 
     
Pos
Flag
Cf
Match Official
TOT
R
AR
AP
1
  Jan Langenus
9
7
2
3
2
2
  Ivan Eklind
6
5
1
2
0
3
  Rinaldo Barlassina
4
4
0
2
0
4
  Gilberto de Almeida Rêgoo
5
3
2
1
0
5
  Alois Beranek
6
2
4
2
0
  Louis Baert
6
2
4
2
0
  Alfred Birlem
4
2
2
2
0
  Hans Wüthrich
4
2
2
1
0
  José Macías
3
2
1
1
0
  Pierre Capdeville
3
2
1
1
0
 
   
   
      
   
   
  

 
Discipline
 
 
This section presents the statistics of all dissmissals and cautions since the first 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay. However, the use of red and yellow cards to indicate sent-off and cautions were officially introduced at the 1970 World Cup.
 
 
 
Teams' discipline
   
 
Red cards are one of the most remarkable event that can impact the outcome of a game after goals and penalties. The team receiving the red card is in a vulnerable position and faces a significant disadvantage, mainly if it occurs in the first half. The opposing side on the other hand, receives the advantage and the score is more likely to be in their favor.
   
 
 
Pos
Flag
Penalized Team
TC
1
2
2
0
2
1
1
0
 Czechoslovakia
1
1
0
Pos
Flag
Benefited Team
TC
1
 Czechoslovakia
2
2
0
2
1
1
0
 Switzerland
1
1
0
   
 
   
Teams' discipline up to 1938
   
 
 
Pos
Flag
Team
TC
1
2
2
0
2
 Czechoslovakia
1
1
0
1
1
0
  Hungary
1
1
0
  Peru
1
1
0
Pos
Flag
Benefited Team
TC
1
 Czechoslovakia
2
2
0
2
 Austria
1
1
0
1
1
0
 Romania
1
1
0
 Switzerland
1
1
0
   
   
   
Matches' discipline
   
 
 
Pos
WC
CI
Date
TC
Match
1
1938
QF
12 Jun 38
3
3
0
Brazil
1-1
Czechoslovakia
2
1938
R16
4 Jun 38
1
1
0
Switzerland
1-1
Germany
   
   
   
Matches' discipline up to 1938
   
 
 
Pos
WC
CI
Date
TC
Match
1
1938
QF
12 Jun 38
3
3
0
Brazil
1-1
Czechoslovakia
2
1930
FR-G3
14 Jul 30
1
1
0
Romania
3-1
Peru
1934
QF
31 May 34
1
1
0
Austria
3-1
Hungary
1938
R16
4 Jun 38
1
1
0
Switzerland
1-1
Germany
   
   
   
World Cup's discipline
   
 
 
Pos
WC
TC
1
1938
4
4
0
   
   
   
World Cups' discipline up to 1938
   
 
 
Pos
WC
TC
1
1938
4
4
0
2
1930
1
1
0
1934
1
1
0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Attendance
   
 
The total attendance at the World Cup as well as both the total and average attendance for each of the national teams is shown in the table below.

   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Avg.
  
375,700
18
20,872
1
  Italy
155,455
4
38,864
2
  Brazil
98,614
5
19,723
3
  Hungary
89,000
4
22,250
4
  France
88,909
2
44,455
5
  Switzerland
62,177
3
20,726
6
  Czechoslovakia
51,162
3
17,054
7
  Germany
47,177
2
23,589
8
  Sweden
39,000
3
13,000
9
  Belgium
30,454
1
30,454
10
  Cuba
22,000
3
7,333
11
  Norway
19,000
1
19,000
12
  Romania
15,000
2
7,500
13
  Poland
13,452
1
13,452
14
  Netherlands
11,000
1
11,000
15
  Dutch East Indies
9,000
1
9,000
 
   
   
   
   
Cumulative attendance till 1938
   
   
Pos
Flag
Team
Total
#M
Avg.
Ch
  
1,329,249
53
25,080
1
  Italy
348,455
9
38,717
+2
2
  Uruguay
275,970
4
68,993
-1
3
  Argentina
262,200
6
43,700
-1
4
  Brazil
169,139
8
21,142
+6
5
  Czechoslovakia
142,162
7
20,309
+2
6
  France
134,762
6
22,460
+8
7
  United States
134,538
4
33,635
-3
8
  Yugoslavia
122,232
3
40,744
-3
9
  Hungary
121,000
6
20,167
+11
10
  Switzerland
107,177
5
21,435
+5
 
   
   
 
Total and average attendance at the world cups
   
   
Pos
World Cup
Total
  
1,329,249
1
  1930 World Cup
590,549
2
  1938 World Cup
375,700
3
  1934 World Cup
363,000
Pos
World Cup
Avg.
 
25,080
1
  1930 World Cup
32,808
2
  1934 World Cup
21,353
3
  1938 World Cup
20,872
 
        
      

  Awards and best players
   
 
The top scorer (Golden Shoe) of the tournament was "Black Diamond" Leônidas from Brazil, who would go on to score seven goals. The names that people probably remember from those times are:

    
 
   
 
   
    

  All-star team
   
 
The All-Star Team is a team of the best performers at the respective World Cup finals
   
 
 
 
  Cumulative participation by country
 
Pos
Team
Flag
Tot
30
34
38
Ch
1
  Italy
12
 
6
6
+1
2
7
7
-1
3
  Spain
3
 
3
0
4
2
2
0
  Brazil
2
   
2
  Czechoslovakia
2
  1 1
+1
  Hungary
2
   
2
8
  Austria
1
  1
-3
1
1
-3
  Yugoslavia
1
1
-3
       
    

  DID YOU KNOW?
   
 
Matthias Sindelar, Der Papierene or the Paper-man, considered by many as the best Austrian player of all time, the Mozart of football, for his elegant playing, decided not to play for Germany after the annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany. Sindelar was born in Kozlov in the Czech Republic within a Jewish family that emigrated to Vienna when Matthias was two years old. He had the audacity to score a goal in the friendly match between Germany and Austria to celebrate the annexation of Austria, which took place three months before the World Cup. Sindelar performed a dance to celebrate the goal in front of the box in which Hitler was. Austria beat Germany 2 to 0. Since then, The Gestapo considered that Sinderlar was a subversive element and pursued him. Matthias and his girlfriend Camila Castagnola were found dead at his apartment in Vienna on January 23, 1939. Official information says suicide by inhaling gas, although their deaths were never clarified. As a tribute, Sindelar was voted the best Austrian footballer of the 20th Century and was named Austria's sportsman of the century.
German coach Sepp Herberger was repudiated throughout the tournament by making the Nazi salute.
Leônidas, the black diamond, the inventor of the bicycle, was the top scorer of the tournament with 7 goals. Leônidas could have done even more goals; however, his coach inexplicably left him out of the semi-finals to Italy in Marseille, preserving it for the final. Brazil lost that game and Leônidas missed an opportunity to keep scoring more goals.
Meazza scored the second goal against Brazil in the semi-final that sent Italy into their second consecutive World Cup final. It was also his last goal for Italy. A memorable moment occurred when he was set to take a penalty shot. When he stepped up to take the kick, his shorts fell down because the elastic around the waist had earlier been pulled and ripped by a defender. Undaunted, Meazza held up his shorts with his left hand and shot past the confused goalkeeper Walter, who was still busy laughing.  

Before the finals, Benito Mussolini sent a telegram to the team, saying "Vincere o morire!", which translated meant "Win or die!".
   
 

World Cup 1938 postcard

Allen, the official match ball of the 1938 World Cup
World Cup 1938 poster
 
 
   
  
          Last updated: 10 August 2020
Copyright © 2012-2020 THEFIFAWORLDCUPS. All rights reserved.
This is an unofficial website no connected or associated in any way with FIFA.